Ayurveda is an ancient medical science of life developed in India centuries ago. It advocates the principles of diet, life style & habits for attaining the healthy body, mind & soul. It encompasses the description of health in all its dimensions – physical (Adibhouthika), psychological (Adidaivika) & spiritual (Adyaatmika) levels. The details of Adidaivika and Adyaatmika are explained in detail by Yoga Shastra, whereas Ayurveda covers in detail about the health at Adibhouthika (physical) level.
WHO defines health as “A state of complete physical, mental, social and spiritual well – being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity.” This definition covers the same dimensions of health as referred by Acharyas of ancient Ayurveda centuries back. A person with sound health is termed as ‘Swastha’ by Ayurveda. The condition of a Swastha is explained as “The one who has balanced 3 Doshas (Vata, Pitta and Kapha), balanced 7 Dhatus (body tissues like blood, muscles etc.,), balanced Agni (digestive fire at different levels like abdomen, tissue and cellular levels) and balanced condition of Mala (waste products) in the body. Along with these importance is given even to balanced Mind and Soul.”
Ayurveda lays stress on mainly 2 aspects of health, preventive and curative. Unfortunately, now-a-days Ayurveda is being highlighted as only a tool for relaxation, rejuvenation and a way to manage chronic conditions where there is no emergency.
Distinct features of Ayurveda
Preventive health care
Concepts of Ayurveda which have given importance to the aspects of prevention of disease and maintenance of health through proper diet, daily and seasonal regimens are unique to the system.
Root cause analysis & its correction
The approach of Ayurveda in treating any disease is very distinct. Ayurveda advocates the identification & rectification of causes of each disease rather than just the symptomatic treatment.
It also lays equal emphasis on the prevention of recurrence of the condition through proper supporting treatments.