As per Ayurveda, birth of healthy fetus depends on 4 essential factors i.e.,
Garbhasambhava samagri –
- Rutu (Ovulation period)
- Kshetra (Uterus)
- Ambu (Nutrient fluid from mother)
- Beeja (Sperm & Ovum)
Quality of Beeja (Sperm & Ovum) is vital for healthy progeny. If there is any dushti (defect) in beeja then the resulting fetus also will have abnormalities concerned with the parts developing from that beeja.
Causes & effects of Beeja dushti
Indian philosophy gives several reasons for defect in sperm & ovum in different contexts of various shastras.
Viruddhahara (incompatible food) is one of the major reason for impotency (Shandatva) & defects in the progeny (Santana dosha).
Insomnia causes impotency (Kleebata).
Today’s lifestyle has various reasons leading to these kinds of abnormalities.
- Wearing tight jeans cause oligospermia (decreased sperm count)
- Adulterated foods like milk*** & other food products may cause many defects in progeny
- Microwaved foods are harmful to health
Today’s very big problem – POLLUTION, like air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution & various other kinds of pollution are also leading to abnormalities in sperm & ovum.
Genetically modified foods like sweet corn, yellow capsicum, seedless grapes, etc are the direct causes for hormonal disorders like PCOD, hypothyroidism in females & infertility in males.
Increased usage of pesticides in agriculture field & Chemicals in food industry is causing serious health hazards including defects in sperm & ovum (beeja dushti).
Addiction to smoking & alcohol causes changes in quality of sperm & ovum that may lead to birth defects.
Use of cosmetics by females, excessive usage of cell phones & other radiation hazards cause fertility issues & increased risk of abnormalities in fetus.
Congenital anomalies that may occur due to beeja dushti include cleft palate, anencephaly, microcephaly, bilateral congenital cataract, club feet, ASD (Atrio septal defect), VSD (Ventricular septal defect), Muscular dystrophy, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anemia, Down’s syndrome, Turner’s syndrome, ADHD (Hyperactive attention deficit syndrome, Cognitive disorders, Autism, Meningocele, Meningomylocele etc.
To screen out any abnormalities in beeja (sperm & ovum) proper pre- natal counselling & care are essential.
To trace out the causes of defect in sperm & ovum (beeja dushti), detailed medical history will be taken. Generally it includes detailed family history, past medical history, previous obstetric history, menstrual history, occupational history, substance abuse & addiction. Then physical examination & relevant investigations are done to rule out any abnormalities. If there is history of any hereditary or genetic defect in partners then chromosomal study also may be needed.
Ways of Beeja shuddhi (Correction of defect in sperm & ovum)
After identifying the causes for beeja dushti, they can be rectified with,
- Corrections in Dinacharya (Daily diet & regimen)
- Adoption of proper Rutucharya (Seasonal regimen)
- Panchakarma (Ayurvedic ways of Detoxification therapies) &
- Beeja shuddhikara medicines (which does cleansing of sperm & ovum)
At the mental level, stress management should be done with,
- Mudra &
- Counselling to develop positive attitude.
A healthy seed can only produce a healthy tree. Similarly, to get best progeny the utmost quality & purity of beeja is very important.
(***Note on milk adulteration:
- A1 milk is obtained from cows which are genetically mutated. Consumption of such milk produces a compound BCM7 in the body which is said to be responsible for adverse health effects in humans.
- Milk is synthetically prepared now a days using water, detergent or soap, sodium hydroxide, vegetable oil, salt & urea. All these components can cause harmful effects on human health. It is extensively practised in village level, recently spreading to even cities.)
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Note : All these explanations are based on session done by Dr. Laxmikanth Vinayak Kotirkar, from Maharashtra. He is a gold medalist in BAMS & has done Masters with first place in his college. He has done Ph.D on the subject of Beeja shuddhi. He has written books on various subjects of Ayurveda. Special thanks to him & his whole team.
(Author : Dr. Shilpa S. N, Senior consultant, Sriranga Ayurveda Chikitsa Mandira
Healthcare unit of Prakruthi Ayurveda Pratistana ®, Mysore – 23)