Cardiovascular diseases are the number 1 cause of death globally, with 4 out of 5 deaths occurring due to heart attack & stroke (WHO). In India, CVDs are of particular concern due to the increasing number of cases especially with early age of onset, high rates of morbidity & mortality. 25% of all the causes of death in India are estimated to be due to CVDs. CVDs refer to the diseases which affect the heart & blood vessels. CVDs are diseases which affect the heart & blood vessels.

Causes :

  1. Poorly managed Hypertension, Diabetes, obesity
  2. High cholesterol
  3. Smoking, alcohol abuse, sedentary lifestyle
  4. Genetic predisposition etc

Common signs & symptoms :

  1. Palpitations & tremors
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. Pain & discomfort in epigastric region, radiating to left arm
  4. Dizziness, blackout
  5. Breathlessness

Types :

  1. Coronary artery disease
  2. Cardiomyopathy
  3. Hypertensive heart disease
  4. Dysrhythmia / Arrhythmia
  5. Inflammatory heart disease
  6. Pulmonary heart disease
  7. Heart failure
  8. Valvular heart disease
  9. Congenital heart disease
  10. Rheumatic heart disease etc

Ayurveda :

  • Hrudroga refers to a disease which affects the Hrudaya.
  • Causes :
    1. Food – irregular & improper quality / quantity / time & method of consumption.
    2. Activities – irregular & improper exercise, work shifts, suppressing natural urges etc.
    3. Sleep – irregular sleep – wake cycle, night outs, day sleep etc.
    4. Stress – emotional, work pressure etc.
  • Improper lifestyle > imbalance of Doshas > disturbance in digestive process > disturb the Rasa Dhatu > which helps the Doshas localize in Hrudaya > Hrudroga
  • Types – Vata / Pitta / Kapha dominant / All Dosha involved / Krimija
  • Hrudroga may not be always equal to CVDs.
  • Signs & symptoms are explained according to Dosha predominance. For example, Hruddrava (Palpitations) in Vataja, Ati sweda (excess sweating) in Pittaja & stambha (rigidity / sudden stoppage in activity) in Kaphaja.
  • Treatment :
  1. Proper diet & regimen
  2. Lifestyle modifications
  3. Oral medications
  4. If needed, Panchakarma therapy (Detoxification / Bio cleansing)
  5. Rasayana therapy (Rejuvenation / Nutrition)
  • Benefits :
  1. Medications / therapies will be minimum, with “NO LIFELONG DEPENDENCY” in most of the cases.
  2. Cost effective.
  3. Improvement in quality of life.

Author : Dr. Spoorthy S Naik B.A.M.S

Fellowship Student, Prakruthi Ayurveda Pratishtana®